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The Government of Kenya - Class 7 Social Studies

The Government of Kenya

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The Government of Kenya

The Constitution

It is a document that contains laws used to govern a country or a group of people.
The constitution of Kenya is divided into 18 chapters.

Elements of the Constitution of Kenya

The following are the elements of the Constitution of Kenya.

Chapter 1; Sovereignty and supremacy of the Constitution.
Chapter 2; The Republic.
Chapter 3; Citizenship.
Chapter 4; Bill of Rights.
Chapter 5; Land and Environment.
Chapter 6; Leadership and Integrity.
Chapter 7; Representation of the Peopled.
Chapter 8; The Legislature.
Chapter 9; The Executive.
Chapter 10; The Judiciary.
Chapter 11; Devolved Government.
Chapter 12; Public Finance.
Chapter 13; The Public Service.
Chapter 14; National Security.
Chapter 15; Commissions and Independent Offices.
Chapter 16; Amendment of the Constitution.
Chapter 17; General Provisions.
Chapter 18; Transitional and consequential provisions.

Importance of Kenya Constitution

  1. It is the supreme law of the land.
  2. It outlines the rights and freedoms of citizens.
  3. It helps to control abuse of power of those in leadership.
  4. It states hoe elections should be conducted.
  5. It outlines how the government is supposed to raise its revenue.

Parliamentary Electoral Process in Kenya

  1. In Kenya,elections are held after every five years.
  2. At the end of every five years,parliament stands dissolved.
  3. The speaker declares all seats vacant.
  4. The body in charge of elections announces the election dates.
  5. The body in charge of elections gives nomination dates for candidates vying for various seats.
  6. After the nominations,campaigns begin officially.
  7. Voters are educated on their democratic rights.
  8. Polling stations are identified.
  9. During polling or voting day, voters cast their votes.
  10. Votes are counted.
  11. Results are announced and winners are issued with certificates.

How one may lose a parliamentary seat

According to the Constitution, one can lose his or her parliamentary seat through the following ways;
  1. When one is jailed for more than six months.
  2. When one resigns from the post.
  3. If one is declared bankrupt or is unable to pay his or her debts.
  4. If an election petition is filed against him or her.
  5. If one fails to attend eight consecutive sittings in parliament.

Roles of citizens in the electoral process.

  1. Accepting election results.
  2. Monitoring elections.
  3. Presenting one as a candidate during elections.
  4. Voting into office good leaders.
  5. Attending political rallies.
  6. Tolerating other people's views.
  7. Forming and joining political parties.
  8. Electing responsible leaders.

Importance of participating in elections

Helps citizens to;
  • Elect responsible leaders.
  • Exercise their democratic rights.
  • Remove bad leaders and endorse good ones.
  • Participate in governing the country through voting.
  • Elect an acceptable government.

Responsibility of Government to its Citizens

  • Making laws to govern the country.
  • Providing security to its citizens.
  • Providing social services to its citizens.
  • Ensuring that there good relations between Kenya and other countries.
  • Maintaining law and order in the country to ensure there is peace.
  • Protecting the rights of its citizens.

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