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The Environment - Solid Waste Management | Science and Technology

  Change Class Grade 5 Science and Technology
Science and Technology


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Solid Waste Management

- Waste is any unwanted or unusable material which is discarded after use.
- Some of the wastes include:
  • Animal wastes
  • Broken glasses
  • Plastics
  • Kitchen wastes
  • E-wastes
  • Waste materials

- There are wastes that rot and those that do not rot.
- Waste that rot decomposes.
- There are waste that decomposes and those that do not decompose.
- Waste that decompose are those that rot and decay.
- Waste that do not decompose are those that do not rot and decay.

Waste That Decompose

- Examples of wastes that decompose include:
  • Animal waste
  • Food remains
  • Plant remains
Manure - Animal Waste
Animal Waste
Kitchen Waste
Kitchen Waste - Often From Vegetables, Fruits, Peels, and Food Remains

Waste That DO NOT Decompose

- Examples of wastes that do not decompose include:
  • Broken glass
  • Plastics
  • Waste metal
  • E-waste
Electronic waste
Electronic Waste (E-Waste) - Often from Spoilt electronics such as radios, computers, and TVs
Plastic waste
Plastic Waste - Often from bottled water and soda
- Examples of E-waste include all broken electronics such as phones, television, radio and computers.

Ways of Managing Solid Wastes

- Waste management involve activities and actions that help to reduce pollution of waste in the environment.

1. Reusing

- Means using the waste in another useful way instead of throwing away.
reusing plastic waste
Using Plastic Waste - Plastic Bottles have been used to Plant Vegetables

2. Recycling

- This involves treating the waste and making it into another product.
recycling waste
Using Waste to Make Toys

3. Reducing

- It involves minimizing hence produce less waste.
- Companies may reduce making products that pollute the environment.
- People may decide to stop buying or using materials that pollute the environment.

Importance of Proper Management of Waste

  1. The environment looks clean.
  2. It reduces infection of diseases that come from dirty environment such as waterborne diseases and infection of parasites.
  3. Plastic and broken bottles can cause injuries.

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